Montjuic mountain is an ancient site deriving its name either from the medieval Catalan for Hill of the Jews, or possibly is as a corruption of the Latin Mons Jovicus (hill of the god Jupiter).
Sometimes known as the Magic Mountain by people from Barcelona, it is an impressive landmark on the Barcelona skyline that teeters on the edge of the Mediterranean sea. Montjuic is flanked by the Poble Sec and by Plaša Espanya. The mountain's development and urbanisation began with the Universal Exhibition of 1888, and continued with the exhibition of 1929, when Mie Van der Rohes famous Spanish Pavillion was added. Many architectural critics have described it as the most beautiful building of the last century.
Montjuic packs in a number of popular tourist attractions, including the Mirˇ museum, MNAC (National Museum of Art of Catalunya), botanical gardens, a castle, the Poble Espanyol (a recreation of traditional Spanish villages) and the Caixa Forum ľ a free arts and music exhibition centre. It is an agreeable part of the city to explore that is refreshingly green, with many plants and trees. Since 1992, Montjuic has had Olympic sport facilities too.